Myanmar – officially known as the Union of Myanmar – a republic in Southeast Asia, bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of China, on the east by Laos, Thailand and China, on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the west by the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India. The coastal region is known as Lower Myanmar, while the interior region is known as Upper Myanmar. The total area of the country is 676,552 square km.
Long long time ago, old indian had known Myanmar as ‘Byama’. The earliest word of Myanmar came out in the area of Bagan especially in Taungoo Ni stone-inscription. In the 15th century, ‘Burma’ is firstly named by Portuguese who came to this area for trading.
Throughout the time of British’s colony, English used ‘Burma’ for Burma ethnicity. Burma is an ethnicity among national races. The word of Myanmar embraces the national races of Chin, Burma, Kachin, Kayar, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. It named Myanmar which refer all kinds of race that live together in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in unity.
Myanmar has a long history and its greatness dates back to the early 11th Century when King Anawrahta unified the country and founded the First Myanmar Empire in Bagan more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The Bagan Empire encompassed the areas of the present day Myanmar and the entire Menam Valley in Thailand and lasted two centuries. The Second Myanmar Empire was founded in 16th Century by King Bayinnaung styled Branginoco by the Portuguese. King Alaungpaya founded the last Myanmar Dynasty in 1752 and it was during the zenith of this Empire that the British moved into Myanmar Wars in 1825. During The Second World War, Myanmar was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 till the return of the Allied Forces in 1945. Myanmar becomes a sovereign independent state in January 1948 after more than 100 years of colonial administration.
Myanmar is an all year round destination. Rainfall is also very low in central regions the rainy season and hilly regions in the north and northeast enjoy cool temperate weather.
The Union of Myanmar has a population of over 60 million. The major racial groups are Bamar, Kachin, Kayin, Chin, Kayah, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. The people are called Myanmar.
Over 80 percent of Myanmar embraces are Theravada Buddhism. There are Christians, Hindus, Muslims and some animists.
The local currency is the “Kyat” which is divided into 100 pyas. Kyat notes are issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 45, 50, 90, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10000.
Us 10 Dollars for departure at the international gateways.
Source: Myanmar Online Encyclopedia